Robert Maronpot

/Robert Maronpot

About Robert Maronpot

Dr. Maronpot received his doctorate of veterinary medicine in 1965 from Michigan State University, an MS in nutritional pathology from Michigan State University in 1966, and an MPH from Harvard University in 1972. He is a diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Pathologists as well as the American Board of Toxicology and has worked more than forty years in experimental pathology, with an emphasis on animal models of carcinogenesis.

Liver Enlargement – Hepatic Enzyme Induction: Histopathology

Hepatic enzyme induction is generally an adaptive response associated with increases in liver weight, induction of gene expression, and morphological changes in hepatocytes. The additive growth and functional demands that initiated the response to hepatic enzyme induction cover a wide range of stimuli including pregnancy and lactation, hormonal fluctuations, dietary constituents, infections associated with acute-phase [...]

Introduction to Hepatic Drug Metabolizing Enzyme Induction in Drug Safety Evaluation Studies

The following three articles represent the output of a combined effort initiated by the Scientific Regulatory Policy Committee of the Society of Toxicologic Pathology to provide a unified review of current scientific practices and relevant literature and provide suggestions regarding the recognition, interpretation, and risk assessment of hepatic drug metabolizing enzyme (DME) induction studies. The [...]

Pathology Peer Review

Keywords: toxicologic pathology; safety assessment; quality assurance. This issue of Toxicologic Pathology contains an article by Morton et al. that provides recommendations for pathology peer review of nonclinical studies. This is overall a clear, very detailed, and very well-organized manuscript summarizing current recommended practices by experts in the profession and clearly defines the value that [...]

Triclosan: A Critical Review Of The Experimental Data And Development Of Margins Of Safety For Consumer Products

Triclosan (2,4,4′-trichloro-2′-hydroxy-diphenyl ether) is an antibacterial compound that has been used in consumer products for about 40 years. The tolerability and safety of triclosan has been evaluated in human volunteers with little indication of toxicity or sensitization. Although information in humans from chronic usage of personal care products is not available, triclosan has been extensively [...]

Left-Sided Cardiac Valvulitis in Tristetraprolin-Deficient Mice

The Role of Tumor Necrosis Factor α Inflammation may play a role in the etiology of both degenerative and rheumatic cardiac valve diseases. We report here that mice deficient in tristetraprolin (TTP), a protein with known anti-inflammatory functions, develop severe left-sided cardiac valvulitis. TTP is an mRNA binding protein that inhibits inflammation by destabilizing the [...]

Urban Air Pollution: Influences On Olfactory Function And Pathology In Exposed Children And Young Adults

Mexico City (MC) residents are exposed to severe air pollution and exhibit olfactory bulb inflammation. We compared the olfactory function of individuals living under conditions of extreme air pollution to that of controls from a relatively clean environment and explore associations between olfaction scores, apolipoprotein E (APOE) status, and pollution exposure. The olfactory bulbs (OBs) [...]

Molecular Mri for Sensitive and Specific Detection of Lung Metastases

Early and specific detection of metastatic cancer cells in the lung (the most common organ targeted by metastases) could significantly improve cancer treatment outcomes. However, the most widespread lung imaging methods use ionizing radiation and have low sensitivity and/or low specificity for cancer cells. Here we address this problem with an imaging method to detect [...]

Proceedings of the 2009 National Toxicology Program Satellite Symposium

The National Toxicology Program (NTP) Satellite Symposium is a one-day meeting that is held in conjunction with the annual Society of Toxicologic Pathology (STP) meeting. The topic of the 2009 Symposium was ‘‘Tumor Pathology and INHAND (International Harmonization of Nomenclature and Diagnostic Criteria for Lesions in Rats and Mice) Nomenclature.’’ The goal of this article [...]

Furan-induced dose-response relationships for liver cytotoxicity, cell proliferation, and tumorigenicity (furan-induced liver tumorigenicity)

Rodent studies of furan are associated with liver cell necrosis, release of liver-associated enzymes, increased hepatocyte proliferation, and hepatocarcinogenesis. For carcinogens whose proposed mode of action is cytolethality, it is hypothesized that the dose-response curve for tumor development would parallel the dose-response curve for cell death with compensatory proliferation in the target organ. To prospectively [...]

Biological Basis of Differential Susceptibility to Hepatocarcinogenesis among Mouse Strains

There is a vast amount of literature related to mouse liver tumorigenesis generated over the past 60 years, not all of which has been captured here. The studies reported in this literature have generally been state of the art at the time they were carried out. A PubMed search on the topic “mouse liver tumors” [...]